Column is a long cylindrical member subjected to axial compression. Column carries self-weight and load coming on it. Generally, load transfers through its longitudinal direction. Column is categorized based on …

It is an empirical formula used for the calculation of ultimate load both for short and long columns. Rankin’s formula is also known as Rankin Gordon Formula. It gives …

Euler’s crippling load formula is used to find the buckling load of long columns. The load obtained from this formula is the ultimate load that column can take. In …

There are two types of specifications. General Specifications Detailed Specifications General Specifications General specifications provide a very brief explanation about construction materials and construction work. Generally, Architect mentioned these …

Specifications define the quality of any construction work. Therefore, specifications should be clear. Language for specifications should be such that no chance of ambiguity lefts. Specifications are the important …

What are Specifications? To define the quality required, material workmanship, its properties, types and strength of construction material is known as specifications. It is such kind of information, which cannot …

The algebraic sum of all forces either to left or right side of the exact location of the unknown point treating it as ‘x’ and equate it to zero …

In an overhanging beam, point of contraflexure is a point where bending moment changes it sign. Example: A point, where bending moment goes from positive to negative or from …

Shear force and bending moment diagram of simply supported beam can be drawn by first calculating value of shear force and bending moment. Shear force and bending moment values …

In this example, readers will learn how to draw shear force & bending moment diagram of cantilever beam carrying udl(uniform distributed load) and point loads. Example Draw shear force and …