Cone crusher and gyratory crusher work on the same principle. Both have the same operation. If cone crusher differs then it is only from crushing chamber. Cone crusher has a less steep crushing chamber and more parallel zone between crushing zones.
It breaks the rocks by squeezing it between the gyrating spindles. These spindles are fully covered with resistant mantle and a manganese bowl liner covers the hopper. Rocks get squeezed at the same moment when it enters in between the bowl liner and mantle. Only one time breaking is carryout of larger pieces of rocks from ore.
Broken pieces of rocks fall down to the next position where it is broken again. Same process continues until the broken pieces become small enough so that it can pass through the narrow opening that is at the bottom of the cone crusher.