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Jalal Archive

Protection of fresh concrete from rain, sunlight and other weather factors is very important. Bad results will occur in case of negligence. Similarly, protect concrete from any direct hit during other construction activities. Concrete gain strength with time. With the …

Cement concrete is composed of cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and water. While writing detailed specifications, explain the specifications of every single ingredient in detail. Cement Cement is the basic and most important ingredient of cement concrete. Cement used for …

Column is a long cylindrical member subjected to axial compression. Column carries self-weight and load coming on it. Generally, load transfers through its longitudinal direction. Column is categorized based on its height. These are; Short Column Long Column Short Column If …

It is an empirical formula used for the calculation of ultimate load both for short and long columns. Rankin’s formula is also known as Rankin Gordon Formula. It gives the ultimate load that column can bear before failure. If column …

Euler’s crippling load formula is used to find the buckling load of long columns. The load obtained from this formula is the ultimate load that column can take. In order to find the safe load, divide ultimate load with the …

There are two types of specifications. General Specifications Detailed Specifications General Specifications General specifications provide a very brief explanation about construction materials and construction work. Generally, Architect mentioned these specifications on a drawing, which helps for estimating the construction work. …

Specifications define the quality of any construction work. Therefore, specifications should be clear. Language for specifications should be such that no chance of ambiguity lefts. Specifications are the important part of contract and it has legal value. In case of …

What are Specifications? To define the quality required, material workmanship, its properties, types and strength of construction material is known as specifications. It is such kind of information, which cannot be described from construction drawing. For Example: Length and width of …

The algebraic sum of all forces either to left or right side of the exact location of the unknown point treating it as ‘x’ and equate it to zero and solve for ‘x’. Ra = wx. The magnitude of Ra …

In an overhanging beam, point of contraflexure is a point where bending moment changes it sign. Example: A point, where bending moment goes from positive to negative or from negative to positive. It can better explained by solving a numerical. …