In an overhanging beam, point of contraflexure is a point where bending moment changes it sign. Example: A point, where bending moment goes from positive to negative or from negative to positive. It can better explained by solving a numerical.
Point of Contraflexure Example
Find point of contraflexure of beam shown below.
In order to find point of contraflexure, first find the reactions at supports.
∑M(at point D) = 0
R1 x 7 + (15 x2) = (30×2) + (20×5)
R1 = 18.571 KN
For Reaction R2, consider;
∑M(at point A) = 0
R2x7 = (20×2) + (30×5) (15×9)
R2 = 46.429 KN
Shear Force Diagram
Next step is to draw a shear force diagram. For shear force diagram, first we have to find shear force at point A, B, C, D and E.
Shear force at point A = S.FA = 18.571 KN
Shear force at point B(left) = S.FB(L) = 18.571 KN
Shear force at point B (right) = S.FB(R) = 18.571 – 20 = 1.429 KN
Shear force at point C (left) = S.FC(L) = – 1.429 KN
Shear force at point C (right) = S.FC(R) = 18.571 – 20 – 30 = 31.429 KN
Shear force at point D (left) = S.FD(L) = -31.429 KN
Shear force at point D (right) = S.FD(R) = 18.571 – 20 – 30 + 46.429 = 15 KN
Shear force at point E = S.FE = 15 KN
Bending Moment at B = 18.571 x 2 = 37.142 KN.m
Bending Moment at C = (18.571 x 5) – (20 x 3) = 32.855 KN.m
Bending Moment at D = -(15 x 2) = -30KN.m
Bending Moment at E = 0
Position of Point of Contraflexure
From bending moment diagram, one can see that bending moment is going from positive to negative after some distance from point C. Let consider this point as P.